Urashaka gutera microchips ya RFID Tag mu matungo yawe?

Vuba aha, Ubuyapani bwasohoye amabwiriza: guhera muri kamena 2022, amaduka yinyamanswa agomba gushyiraho imashini zikoresha mikorobe zigurishwa. Mbere, Ubuyapani bwasabaga injangwe n'imbwa byatumijwe mu mahanga kugira ngo bikoreshe mikorobe. Nko mu Kwakira gushize, Shenzhen, mu Bushinwa, yashyize mu bikorwa “Amabwiriza ya Shenzhen yerekeranye no kwimika tagi ya elegitoroniki ku mbwa (Ikigeragezo)”, kandi imbwa zose zidafite chip zizafatwa nk'imbwa zitabifitiye uburenganzira. Kuva mu mpera zumwaka ushize, Shenzhen imaze kugera ku micungire y’imbwa rfid.

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Amateka yo gusaba hamwe nuburyo bugezweho bwibikoko. Mubyukuri, gukoresha microchips ku nyamaswa ntibisanzwe. Ubworozi burayikoresha kugirango yandike amakuru yinyamaswa. Abahanga mu binyabuzima bashira mikorobe mu nyamaswa zo mu gasozi nk'amafi n'inyoni hagamijwe ubumenyi. Ubushakashatsi, no kubushyira mubitungwa birashobora kubuza inyamanswa kuzimira. Kugeza ubu, ibihugu byo ku isi bifite amahame atandukanye yo gukoresha amatungo magufi ya RFID: Ubufaransa bwateganije mu 1999 ko imbwa zirengeje amezi ane zigomba guterwa mikorobe, naho muri 2019, gukoresha mikorobe ku njangwe nabyo ni itegeko; Nouvelle-Zélande yasabye ko imbwa z’inyamanswa zaterwa mu 2006. Muri Mata 2016, Ubwongereza bwasabye imbwa zose gushyirwaho mikorobe; Chili yashyize mu bikorwa itegeko ryo gutunga inyamanswa mu mwaka wa 2019, kandi injangwe n’imbwa bigera kuri miliyoni byatewe na mikorobe.

Ikoranabuhanga rya RFID ingano yumuceri

Chip yamatungo ya rfid ntabwo ari ubwoko bwurupapuro rumeze nkibintu abantu benshi batekereza (nkuko bigaragara ku gishushanyo 1), ahubwo ni silindrike isa numuceri muremure, ushobora kuba muto nka mm 2 z'umurambararo na 10 mm z'uburebure (nkuko bigaragara ku gishushanyo cya 2). . Iyi chipi ntoya "umuceri" ni tagi ukoresheje RFID (Ikoranabuhanga rya Radio Frequency Identification Technology), kandi amakuru imbere arashobora gusomwa hifashishijwe "umusomyi" runaka (Ishusho 3).

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By'umwihariko, iyo chip yatewe, kode y'indangamuntu irimo hamwe namakuru yindangamuntu yumworozi azahambirwa kandi abikwe mububiko bwibitaro byamatungo cyangwa umuryango utabara. Mugihe umusomyi akoreshwa mukumva itungo ritwaye chip, soma Igikoresho kizakira indangamuntu hanyuma winjize kode mububiko kugirango umenye nyirubwite.

Haracyariho ibyumba byinshi byiterambere mumasoko yinyamanswa

Nk’uko bigaragazwa na “2020 Inganda Zitungwa n’inyamanswa”, umubare w’imbwa n’injangwe n’inyamanswa mu mijyi y’Ubushinwa warenze miliyoni 100 umwaka ushize, ugera kuri miliyoni 10.84. Hamwe n’ubwiyongere bukabije bw’umuturage n’ubwiyongere bw’imyumvire y’urubyiruko, byagereranijwe ko mu 2024, Ubushinwa buzaba bufite injangwe n’imbwa miliyoni 248.

Isosiyete ikora ibijyanye n’isoko Frost & Sullivan yatangaje ko muri 2019, hari miliyoni 50 z’amatungo ya RFID, muri zo miliyoni 15 RFID ibirahuri, Miliyoni 3 zinuma zinuma, naho izindi zari amatwi. Muri 2019, igipimo cy’isoko ry’amatungo ya RFID kigeze kuri miliyoni 207.1 yu, bingana na 10.9% by’isoko rito rya RFID.

Gushyira mikorobe mu matungo ntabwo bibabaza cyangwa bihenze

Uburyo bwo gushira mikorobe mikorobe ni inshinge zo mu nsi, mubisanzwe inyuma yijosi, aho imitsi yububabare idatera imbere, nta anesteziya ikenewe, kandi injangwe nimbwa ntibizababaza cyane. Mubyukuri, abafite amatungo benshi bazahitamo guhagarika amatungo yabo. Shyira chip mu matungo icyarimwe, kugirango itungo ntirizumva ikintu inshinge.

Muburyo bwo gushiramo amatungo ya chip, nubwo urushinge rwa syringe ari runini cyane, gahunda ya siliconisation ijyanye nibicuruzwa byubuvuzi nubuzima nibicuruzwa bya laboratoire, bishobora kugabanya ubukana no koroshya inshinge. Mubyukuri, ingaruka ziterwa no gushira mikorobe mu matungo zirashobora kuva amaraso mugihe gito no guta umusatsi.

Kugeza ubu, amafaranga yo gutunga mikorobe yo mu rugo ahanini ari muri 200. Ubuzima bwa serivisi ni burebure nkimyaka 20, nukuvuga, mubihe bisanzwe, itungo rikenera gushira chip rimwe mubuzima bwe.

Byongeye kandi, microchip yamatungo idafite imikorere yumwanya, ariko igira uruhare gusa mukwandika amakuru, bishobora kongera amahirwe yo kubona injangwe cyangwa imbwa yazimiye. Niba imikorere yimikorere isabwa, GPS ya cola irashobora gutekerezwa. Ariko yaba ari kugenda ninjangwe cyangwa imbwa, inkundura nubuzima.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Mutarama-06-2022